3 . These rights are described in 940 C.M.R 3.17 (3) (b) (3); G.L.c. 186, 15B. A rental agreement is a good option for tenants and landlords looking for stability in a rental agreement. The written agreement between the tenant and the lessor should contain all the rules applicable to the tenancy agreement. The following chapters are excerpts from Legal Tactics: Tenants` Rights in Massachusetts, 2017. This manual contains practical information on the rights of tenants in private housing – dwellings owned by an individual or a private company. The landlord must ensure that the tenant receives a legible copy of the rental or rental agreement. The lease agreement must not contain illegal conditions such as: 16.
This clause describes two types of obligations that you may have to deal with an owner after leaving an apartment. It`s called damage. This means that as soon as you leave, the landlord can sue you because of the difference between the rent agreed for the rest of the lease and the “fair rental value” of the apartment. The other type of obligation is called “compensation.” This means that at the end of a tenancy agreement, a landlord can sue a tenant for the amount the landlord has lost because the tenant is gone. In general, the owner cannot take legal action for both reasons – damages. Gardiner v. Parsons, 224 Mass. 347, 350 (1916); Cotting v.
Hooper, Lewis and Co., 220 Mass. 273, 274 (1915). The owner`s decision in this case is crucial because it determines when legal action can be taken. Commissioner of the Ins. v. Massachusetts Accident Co., 310 Mass. 769, 772 (1942); Hermitage Co. v.
Levine, 248 N.Y. 333, 337 (1928) (Cardozo, C. J.). A landlord must also make “reasonable efforts” to find a new tenant, to keep his losses because of the empty apartment of the apartment. Even if a tenancy agreement stipulates that a landlord can claim legal fees if he sues a tenant for breaking a tenancy agreement, state law states that a tenant can also claim legal fees when a tenant sues a landlord and wins the case, even if the rental contract does not provide for it. G.L.c. 186, No. 20. Public and subsidized tenants may not be charged court fees or legal fees, except in the event of a Tribunal ruling. Springfield Housing Auth.
v. Oldham-King, 12 Mass. App. Ct. 935, 935 (1981) (Rescript). If the lessor receives a security deposit, the tenancy agreement must indicate the amount paid and explain the tenant`s fees on the deposit. In general, a landlord cannot take possession of the rental property, physically remove the tenant or his personal property or change the locks without going through a court. Depending on the reason for the eviction, a landlord must provide the tenant with a 14-day or 30-day notice for termination. A lessor must then bring a civil action (summary trial) in court and receive a court judgment setting the date on which the tenant must leave the rented property with his property.